Bloomfield Blossoms: p. 048-049 Creator
Smith, Kay, 1925- Institution
Bloomfield Township Public Library Subject
Lake Maumee Subject
Bloomfield Township (Mich.) Subject
Geology -- Michigan Item Number
part of 'Bloomfield Blossoms' by Kay Smith Type
text, image Format
OLD LAKE MAUMEE COVERED BLOOMFIELD
IN PREHISTORIC TIMES
The geological formation of Michigan and particularly of
Bloomfield presents a complex picture. Beginning several
billion years ago, cataclysm after cataclysm covered our
area with four different advancing and receding glaciers.
In between upheavals, vegetation and animal life slowly
developed, only to disappear with a new earth-shaking
Our major concern is with the retreat of the last great
glacier. As it melted away a huge lake, Lake Maumee,
covered Bloomfield. In its ancestral stage, it was the parent
of Lakes Huron and Erie, and in its middle period, ice
obstructed the natural outlet of the lake to the east and
caused the waters of the two great lakes to extend far
beyond their present boundaries.
In this era, the lake covered only the southern half of the
Township. The shoreline of Middle Lake Maumee ran from
the banks of the Rouge River opposite Franklin Village
northeastward, crossing Woodward Avenue at Charing
Cross Road. The last bits of the beaches of the lake can
be seen in the gravel patches by the stone gateway
columns at Charing Cross. The shoreline ran northward
from there, crossing Adams Road above Wattles, circling
through Troy and entering the Township again midway
between Quarton and Maple Roads, moving southwestward
and around the lower end of Birmingham south of Maple.
The escarps, or steep slopes of the old beaches are visible
on the Oakland Hills Golf Course, on holes 8 and 11 on the
south course, and 10 and 18 on the north course.
Pockets of water or bays from the lake were left as the
water receded, forming not only our 30-odd lakes and
ponds, but the gravel pits in the northeast end of the
Township as well.