Bloomfield Blossoms: p. 134-135 Creator
Smith, Kay, 1925- Institution
Bloomfield Township Public Library Subject
Cranbrook (Bloomfield Hills, Mich.) Subject
Saarinen, Eliel, 1873-1950 Subject
Milles, Carl, 1875-1955 Item Number
part of 'Bloomfield Blossoms' by Kay Smith Type
text, image Format
CRANBROOK JEWELS-ARCHITECTURE AND ART
Families who built estates here had private art collections,
but the first formal collections of art and sculpture open to
the public in Bloomfield were at Cranbrook.
When the Booths first made their plan for the development
of their estate, they asked the Finnish architect Eliel
Saarinen to be the resident architect. The Saarinens, Eliel
and his wife Loja, children Eva-Lisa ("Pipsan") and Eero,
arrived in 1925 and work was begun. Both the Booths'
and Saarinens' idea was to have every form of art and
design combined to produce one total environment. As the
buildings materialized, Cranbrook School in 1926 and
Kingswood in 1931, other artists were asked to join the
effort. In 1931 the eminent Swedish sculptor Carl Milles
became the resident sculptor and in time others came-
Geza Maroti from Hungary, Paul Manship and Oscar Bach.
Most of the wrought-iron work was designed by Saarinen
and executed by Walter Nichols.
Eliel Saarinen and Carl Milles dominated architecture and
art respectively throughout the Thirties and Forties.
Pictured on this page is Cranbrook School for boys,
designed by Saarinen and built in 1925-26.
Mr. George Booth was greatly taken with the Rodin
sculpture "The Thinker" and asked sculptor Marshall
Fredericks to make him "a monkey statue." The names
"Sculptured Ape." "Thinker" and "The Ape" have been
variously applied to the black granite statue pictured on the
opposite page, upper right.
The columns at Kingswood School, opposite page, lower
right, indicate the school's unique design. The Cranbrook
Institute of Science began with the telescope in 1930, and
its museum, exhibits, study classes and observatory
demonstrations have delighted and instructed hundreds of